Search thousands of topics on CostHelper.com

BROWSE ALL TOPICS >> appliances babies & children  cars  consumer electronics health & personal care home & garden personal finance  pets  schools small business weddings
CostHelper > Babies & Children  > Adoption

Adoption Cost


How Much Does Adoption Cost?

 
 average costAgency and Private Adoptions Average: $10,000-$15,000 
post E-mail post Post  

The most common types of adoption occur through the foster care system or through relative adoptions, such as when a child is adopted by his or her step parent. Many prospective parents use private agencies that specialize in placing children either from the United States or from another country.

Typical costs:

  • According to Adoption.com[1] , adoptions through the foster care system cost little or no money. Many states provide subsidies to adoptive parents. Step-parent or relative adoptions incur minimal cost, usually just court paperwork filing fees of roughly $100.
  • A fact sheet from the Child Welfare Information Gateway[2] says costs for agency and private adoptions average between $10,000 and $15,000. The cost varies based on a variety of factors including services provided, travel expenses, birthmother counseling and other expenses, as well as other legal requirements by the state in which the adoption takes place.
  • International adoptions are the most expensive, ranging from $7,000 to $30,000. Costs include dossier and immigration processing and court costs, as well as travel costs to and from the country of adoption, translator and attorney fees, passport and visa processing fees, and medical costs.
Related articles: Baby Delivery, Nanny, Crib, Car Seat

What should be included:
  • Every adoption requires some kind of "home study" to establish that the home the child is going to is appropriate. In cases of foster care adoptions, this is paid for by the state or local public agency. For private agency adoptions, the prospective parents pay for a social worker to conduct the home study, at an average cost $1,000 to $3,000. This fee may or may not be included in the overall agency fee. The Child Welfare Information Gateway[3] provides in-depth detail of what a home study involves.
  • All adoptions also require court documents to reflect the legal procedure. Document preparation costs range from $100 for foster care or relative adoptions to $2,000 for international adoptions. In certain adoptions, the prospective parents may require legal counsel, at an average hourly rate of $200-$250. FindLaw.com[4] provides a legal guide on adoptions as well as a database of attorneys who specialize in adoption.
Additional costs:
  • Prospective parents often place advertisements, looking for expectant mothers or surrogates. Ads typically cost between $500 and $5,000. However, many states restrict these types of ads, as well as reimbursements to the birth mother. The Child Welfare Information Gateway[5] lists laws regulating adoption expenses.
Discounts:
  • In many cases, tax credits, subsidies, employer benefits, and loans or grants can help with adoption costs. The North American Council on Adoptable Children[6] provides information on how to take advantage of federal adoption tax credits. In 2006, the credit was $10,960 per child. The IRS provides information on the Adoption Tax Credit[7] and on the IRS Adoption Taxpayer Identification Number[8] .
  • Many agencies such as the Gift of Adoption Fund[9] offer grants to pre-approved adopting parents who demonstrate an unusual degree of financial hardship. The National Adoption Foundation[10] also provides information on grants and other financial options for prospective adoptive parents.
  • According to the National Adoption Center[11] , a growing number of companies and government agencies offer adoption benefits. These benefits can include a financial reimbursement for legal expenses, agency fees, medical expenses and post adoption counseling, as well as paid or unpaid leave.
  • Adoption Friendly Workplace[12] maintains a list of employers that offer adoption benefits such as financial assistance, paid leave, unpaid leave beyond the Family Leave Act.
Shopping for adoption:
  • When dealing with an agency, Adoption.com[13] suggests asking about the payment schedule, and about sliding scale fees if your financial resources are limited.
  • The website for the Adoption Guide[14] magazine provides databases to find adoption professionals such as agencies, attorneys and home study providers. It also includes guides for locating parent support groups, and handbooks on adoption-related topics.
  • Parents.com[15] also provides helpful articles on domestic and international adoptions, the issues adoptive parents may face, as well as real-life stories of parents who have adopted.
Material on this page is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as medical advice. For medical decisions, always consult your physician for the right course for your infant or child.
 
post E-mail post Post  
CostHelper News


Forgotten Expenses In a Home Addition Budget
Items like construction costs, permit fees or debris removal aren't the only expenses to consider when calculating the total costs of a home remodeling project. || Posted August 5 2013


7 Ways to Stretch Your Reduced Food Budget
End of the year budgets are tight for everyone, especially in this economy.It's especially hard for the millions of Americans who depend on government programs like food stamps to help make ends meet. || Posted November 11 2013

‣ All CostHelper Blog Posts


What People Are Paying - Recent Comments


 

Comment On Your Experience With Adoption
 
Subject:  *
Amount Spent:  * total
Agency:   
Comments: 
Purchased:  Year: 
City:  * State:  *
 
Information about you:
Email:  * Email addresses are not displayed.
Name:  This is the name we'll display with your post.
me on this computer
*=required field.
 



External Resources:
  1.  www.adoption.com/
  2.  /www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/s_cost/index.cfm
  3.  /www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/f_homstu.cfm
  4.  family.findlaw.com/adoption/adoption-overview/
  5.  /www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/laws_policies/state/
  6.  www.nacac.org/taxcredit/taxcredit.html
  7.  www.irs.gov/taxtopics/tc607.html
  8.  www.irs.gov/uac/Form-W-7A,-Application-for-Taxpayer-Identification-Number-for-Pending-U...
  9.  www.giftofadoption.org/apply/applicationReviewProcess.html
  10.  fundyouradoption.org/adoption-grants/
  11.  www.adopt.org/assembled/financing_more.html
  12.  www.davethomasfoundation.org/what-we-do/adoption-friendly-workplace/
  13.  costs.adoption.com/
  14.  www.theadoptionguide.com/advice/
  15.  www.parents.com/parenting/adoption/
More Babies & Children Topics
Check Out All Costs for Babies & Children How Much Do Maternity Clothes Cost? How Much Does a Car Seat Cost? How Much Does Cord Blood Banking Cost?

Search Thousands of Topics on CostHelper.com




Today's Featured Cost Articles

About CostHelper
CostHelper is based in Silicon Valley and provides consumers with unbiased price information about thousands of goods and services. Our writers are experienced journalists who adhere to our strict editorial ethics policy.

CostHelper Community
timing chain replacement
Paid: 2000.00
2001 F150 timing chain, I'm getting quoted a grand more everyone on this site, why is that?... [more]
-Chris Clingshoff
Replacing a Timing Chain Cost
Annual termite renewal
Paid: 313.93
A local company treated our 1948 era house for termites many years ago and we had an annual contract with them that transferred to Terminix when they bought the local company... [more]
-monicafaye
Termite Control Cost
OB Ultrasound Indiana University Health
Paid: 3699.00
I tested low on my biochemicals when I had a quad screen, which I think was taken a little too early anyway... [more]
-One Angry Momma
Ultrasound Cost
1st fill
Paid: 1.90
Just did a 400 gal fill at $1.899 which I didn't think was too bad considering some of the other prices I've heard about. This is my first house that has used propane and I am real nervous about costs... [more]
-Bluespicker
Propane Cost
Replace system with TRane XR13 coil and condensor
Paid: 6330.00
Replaced 15 year old 4ton system and gas/airflow condensor, whole system less duct work, new pans... [more]
-
Central Air Conditioner Cost
Filling
Paid: 75.00
Had to have 3 pin hole cavities filled. Two on top and one on the bottom.Total cost was $325, but after paying my deductible of $75, my dental insurance (BCBS of Texas Blue Care Dental) took care of the remaining balance of $250... [more]
-Morgan Davies
Cavity Filling Cost